The Millennial Judgment

“Know ye not that we shall judge angels? How much more things that pertain to this life?  I Corinthians 6:3

During the thousand years between the first and the second resurrection the judgment of the wicked takes place.  The apostle Paul points to this judgment as an event that follows the second advent. “Judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts.”  I Corinthians 4:5. Daniel declares that when the Ancient of Days came, “judgment was given to the saints of the most High.” Daniel 7:22  At this time the righteous reign as kings and priests unto God. John in the Revelation says: “I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them.”  ‘They shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.” Revelation 20:4, 6 It is at this time that, as foretold by Paul, “the saints shall judge the world.” I Corinthians 6:2  In union with Christ they judge the wicked, comparing their acts with the statue book, the Bible, and deciding every case according to the deeds done in the body.  Then the portion which the wicked must suffer is meted out, according to their works; and it is recorded against their names in the book of death.

Satan also and evil angels are judged by Christ and His people. Says Paul: “Know ye not that we shall judge angels?”  Verse 3. And Jude declares that “the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.”  Jude 6

At the close of the thousand years the second resurrection will take place. Then the wicked will be raised from the dead and appear before God for the execution of “the judgment written.” Thus the revelator, after describing the resurrection of the righteous, says: “the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished.”  Revelation 20:5 And Isaiah declares, concerning the wicked: “They shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.” Isaiah 24:22

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 335


“Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon all.” Jude 14, 15

At the close of the thousand years, Christ again returns to the earth.  He is accompanied by the host of the redeemed and attended by a retinue of angels.  As He descends in terrific majesty He bids the wicked dead arise to receive their doom. They come forth, a mighty host, numberless as the sands of the sea. What a contrast to those who were raised at the first resurrection!  The righteous were clothed with immortal youth and beauty.  The wicked bear the traces of disease and death.

Every eye in that vast multitude is turned to behold the glory of the Son of God.  With one voice the wicked hosts exclaim: “Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord!”  It is not love to Jesus that inspires this utterance.   The force of truth urges the words from unwilling lips. As the wicked went into their graves, so they come forth with the same enmity to Christ and the same spirit of rebellion. They are to have no new probation in which to remedy the defects of their past lives. Nothing would be gained by this.  A lifetime of transgression has not softened their hearts.  A second probation, were it given them, would be occupied as was the first in evading the requirements of God and exciting rebellion against Him.

Christ descends upon the Mount of Olives, whence after His resurrection, He ascended, and where angels repeated the promise of His return.  Says the prophet: “The Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.”  “And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof…and there shall be a very great valley.”  “And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Lord, and his name one.”  Zechariah 14:5, 4, 9  As the New Jerusalem, in its dazzling splendor comes down out of heaven, it rests upon the place purified and made ready to receive it, and Christ, with His people and the angels, enters the Holy City.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 336

“When the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth.” Revelation 20:7, 8

At the close of the thousand years the second resurrection will take place. Then the wicked will be raised from the dead and appear before God for the execution of “the judgment written.” Thus the revelator, after describing the resurrection of the righteous says: “The rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished.” Revelation 20:5 And Isaiah declares, concerning the wicked: “They shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.” Isaiah 24:22

Now Satan prepares for a last mighty struggle for the supremacy. While deprived of his power and cut off from his work of deception, the prince of evil was miserable and dejected; but as the wicked dead are raised and he sees the vast multitudes upon his side, his hopes revive, and he determines not to yield the great controversy.  He will marshal all the armies of the lost under his banner and through them endeavor to execute his plans.  The wicked are Satan’s captives.  In rejecting Christ they have accepted the rule of the rebel leader. They are ready to receive his suggestions and to do his bidding.  Yet, true to his early cunning, he does not acknowledge himself to be Satan.  He claims to be the prince who is the rightful owner of the world and whose inheritance has been unlawfully wrested from him.  He represents himself to his deluded subjects as a redeemer, assuring them that his power has brought them forth from their graves and that he is about to rescue them from the most cruel tyranny.  The presence of Christ having been removed, Satan works wonders to support his claims.  He makes the weak strong and inspires all with his own spirit and energy.  He proposes to led them against the camp of the saints and to take possession of the City of God.  With fiendish exultation he points to the unnumbered millions who have been raised from the dead and declares that as their leader he is well able to overthrow the city and regain his throne and his kingdom.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 337

“Satan…shall go out to deceive the nations…to gather them together to battle.”  Revelation 20:7, 8

In that vast throng are multitudes of the long-lived race that existed before the Flood; men of lofty stature and giant intellect, who, yielding to the control of fallen angels, devoted all their skill and knowledge to the exaltation of themselves; men whose wonderful works of art led the world to idolize their genius, but whose cruelty and evil inventions, defiling the earth and defacing the image of God, caused Him to blot them from the face of His creation.  There are kings and generals who conquered nations, valiant men who never lost a battle, proud, ambitious warriors whose approach made kingdoms tremble.  In death these experienced no change.  As they come up from the grave, they resume the current of their thoughts just where it ceased.   They are actuated by the same desire to conquer that ruled them when they fell.

Satan consults his angels, and then with these kings and conquerors and mighty men.  They look upon the strength and numbers on their side, and declare that the army within the city is small in comparison with theirs, and that it can be overcome.  They lay their plans to take possession of the riches and glory of the New Jerusalem.  All immediately begin to prepare for battle.  Skillful artisans construct implements of war.  Military leaders, famed for their success, marshal the throngs of warlike men into companies and divisions.

At last the order to advance is given, and the countless host moves on–an army such as was never summoned by earthly conquerors, such as the combined forces of all ages since war began on earth could never equal. Satan, the mightiest of warriors, leads the van, and his angels unit their forces for this final struggle.  Kings and warriors are in his train, and the multitudes follow in vast companies, each under its appointed leader. With military precision the serried ranks advance over the earth’s broken and uneven surface to the City of God.  By command of Jesus, the gates of the New Jerusalem are closed, and the armies of Satan surround the city and make ready for the onset.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 338


“I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened:…and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.”  Revelation 20:12

Now Christ again appears to the view of His enemies. Far above the city, upon a foundation of burnished gold, is a throne, high and lifted up. Upon this throne sits the Son of God, and around Him are the subjects of His kingdom.  The power and majesty of Christ no language can describe, no pen portray.  The glory of the Eternal Father is enshrouding His Son.  The brightness of His presence fills the City of God, and flows out beyond the gates, flooding the whole earth with its radiance.

Nearest the throne are those who were once zealous in the cause of Satan, but who, plucked as brands from the burning, have followed their Saviour with deep, intense devotion.  Next are those who perfected Christian characters in the midst of falsehood and infidelity, those who honored the law of God when the Christian world declared it void, and the millions, of all ages, who were martyred for their faith.  And beyond is the “great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues,…before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands…”  Revelation 7:9

The redeemed raise a song of praise that echoes and reechoes through the vaults of heaven: “Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb.”  Verse 10  And angel and seraph unite their voices in adoration…

In the presence of the assembled inhabitants of earth and heaven the final coronation of the Son of God takes place.  And now, invested with supreme majesty and power, the King of kings pronounces sentence upon the rebels against His government and executes justice upon those who have transgressed His law and oppressed His people…

As soon as the books of record are opened, and the eye of Jesus looks upon the wicked, they are conscious of every sin which they have ever committed.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 339


“God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.”  Ecclesiastes 14:14

In the case of each individual there is a process going forward which is far more wonderful than that which transfers the features to the polished plate of the artist.  The art of the photographer merely imprints the likeness on perishable substance; but in the life-record the character is faithfully delineated, and this record, however dark, can never be effaced except by the blood of the atoning Sacrifice.

Angels of God are taking a daguerreotype of the character just as accurately as the artist takes the likeness of the human features; and … it is from this that we are to be judged!

When the judgment shall sit, and the books shall be opened, there will be many astonishing disclosures.  Men will not then appear as they appear to the human eyes and finite judgments.  Secret sins will then be laid open to the view of all.  Motives and intentions which have been hidden in the dark chambers of the heart will be revealed.

All will appear as a real life-picture.

In the solemn and awful hour the unfaithfulness of the husband will be opened to the wife, and the unfaithfulness of the wife, to the husband. Parents will then learn, for the first time, what was the real character of their children, and children will see the errors and mistakes that marked the lives of their parents.  The man who robbed his neighbor through false representations, is not to escape with his ill-gotten gains.  God has an exact record in His books, of every unjust account and every unfair dealing.

Memory will be true and vivid in condemnation of the guilty one, who in that day is found wanting. The mind will recall all the thoughts and acts of the past; the whole life will come in review like the scenes in a panorama.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 340


“The Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.”  John 5:22

In His teachings, Christ sought to impress men with the certainty of the coming judgment, and with its publicity. This is not the judgment of a few individuals, or even of a nation, but of a whole world of human intelligence, of accountable beings.  It is to be held in the presence of other worlds, that the love, the integrity, the service, of man for God, may be honored to the highest degree.  There will be no lack of glory and honor… The law of God will be revealed in its majesty; and those who have stood in defiant rebellion against its holy precepts will understand that the law that they have discarded, and despised, and trampled underfoot is God’s standard of character.

In the speck of a world, the heavenly universe manifests the greatest interest; for Jesus paid an infinite price for the souls of its inhabitants…

God has committed all judgment unto the Son, for without controversy He is God manifest in the flesh.

God designed that the Prince of sufferers in humanity should be judge of the whole world.  He who came from the heavenly courts to save man from eternal death;… He who submitted to be arraigned before an earthly tribunal, and who suffered the ignominious death of the cross–He alone is to pronounce the sentence of reward or of punishment.  He who submitted to the suffering and humiliation of the cross here, in the counsel of God is to have the fullest compensation, and ascend the throne acknowledged by all the heavenly universe as the King of saints. He has undertaken the work of salvation, and shown before unfallen worlds and the heavenly family that the work He has begun He is able to complete….

In the day of final punishment and reward, both saints and sinners will recognize in Him who was crucified the Judge of all living… Solemn will be the day of final decision… Probationary time is granted us, opportunities and privileges are given us, to make our calling and election sure.  How we should prize this precious time, and improve every talent God has given, that we may be faithful stewards over ourselves.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 341


“Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.”  Matthew 25:34

The Saviour presents before us the scene of the last judgement when the reward is given to those upon His right hand, and the sentence of condemnation to those upon His left hand.  The righteous are represented as wondering what they have done for which they are to be so liberally rewarded.  They had had the abiding presence of Christ in their hearts; they had been imbued with His Spirit, and without conscious effort on their part; they had been serving Christ in the person of His saints, and had thereby gained the sure reward.  But they had not had in view the reward they were to receive, and the expectation of it had been no part of the motive that had actuated their service.  What they did was done from love to Christ and to their fellow-men, and Christ identifies Himself with suffering humanity, and accounts that all deeds done in sympathy and compassion and love to men, are done to Him…

In a subordinate sense we should all have respect unto the recompense of the reward.  But while we appreciate the promise of blessing, we should have perfect confidence in Jesus Christ, believing that He will do right, and give us reward according as our works have been.  The gift of God is eternal life, but Jesus would have us not so anxious concerning rewards, as that we may do the will of God because it is right to do it, irrespective of all gain…

Those who will receive the most abundant reward will be those who have mingled with their activity and zeal, gracious, tender pity for the poor, the orphan, the oppressed, and the afflicted… There are about us those who have a meek and lowly spirit, the spirit of Christ, who do many little things to help those around them, and who think nothing of it; they will be astonished at last to find that Christ has noticed the kind word spoken to the disheartened, and taken account of the smallest gift given for the relief of the poor, that cost the giver some self-denial.  The Lord measures the spirit, and rewards accordingly, and the pure, humble, childlike spirit of love makes the offering precious in His sight.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 342


“We must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.”  II Corinthians 5:10

Above the throne is revealed the cross; and like a panoramic view appear the scenes of Adam’s temptation and fall, and the successive steps in the great plan of redemption.  The Saviour’s lowly birth; His early life of simplicity and obedience; His baptism in Jordan; the fast and temptation in the wilderness; His public ministry, unfolding to men heaven’s most precious blessings; the days crowded with deeds of love and mercy, the nights of prayer and watching in the solitude of the mountains; the plottings of envy, hate, and malice which repaid His benefits; the awful, mysterious agony in Gethsemane beneath the crushing weigh of the sins of the whole world; His betrayal into the hands of the murderous mob; the fearful events of that night of horror–the unresisting prisoner, forsaken by His best-loved disciples, rudely hurried through the streets of Jerusalem; the Son of God exultingly displayed before Annas, arraigned in the high priest’s palace, in the judgment hall of Pilate, before the cowardly and cruel Herod, mocked, insulted, tortured, and condemned to die–all are vividly portrayed.

And now before the swaying multitude are revealed the final scenes–the patient Sufferer treading the path to Calvary; the Prince of heaven hanging upon the cross; the haughty priests and the jeering rabble deriding His expiring agony; the supernatural darkness; the heaving earth, the rent rocks, the open graves, marking the moment when the world’s Redeemer yielded up His life.

The awful spectacle appears just as it was.  Satan, his angels, and his subjects have no power to turn from the picture of their own work. Each actor recalls the part which he performed… All behold the enormity of their guilt.  They vainly seek to hide from the divine majesty of His countenance, outshining the glory of the sun, while the redeemed cast their crowns at the Saviour’s feet, exclaiming: “He died for me!”

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 343


“I have sworn by myself,… That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.  Surely, shall one say, in the Lord have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.” Isaiah 45:23, 24

Amid the  ransomed throng are the apostles of Christ, the heroic Paul, the ardent Peter, the loved and loving John, and their truehearted brethren, and with them the vast host of martyrs; while outside the walls, with every vile and abominable thing, are those by whom they were persecuted, imprisoned, and slain. There is Nero, that monster of cruelty and vice, beholding the joy and exaltation of those whom he once tortured, and in whose extremest anguish he found satanic delight. His mother is there to witness the result of her own work; to see how the evil stamp of character transmitted to her son, the passions encouraged and developed by her influence and example, have borne fruit in crimes that caused the world to shudder.

There… (is) the proud, ambitious Napoleon, whose approach had caused kingdoms to tremble.

There are papist priests and prelates, who claimed to be Christ’s ambassadors, yet employed the rack, the dungeon, and the stake to control the consciences of His people.  There are the proud pontiffs who exalted themselves above God and presumed to change the law of the Most High. Those pretended fathers of the church have an account to render to God from which they would fain be excused.  Too late they are made to see that the Omniscient One is jealous of His law and that He will in no wise clear the guilty.  They learn now that Christ identifies His interest with that of His suffering people; and they feel the force of His own words: “Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.”  Matthew 25:40

The whole wicked world stand arraigned at the bar of God on the charge of high treason against the government of heaven.  They have none to plead their cause; they are without excuse; and the sentence of eternal death is pronounced against them.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 344

“We shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.  For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.”  Romans 14:10, 11

As if entranced, the wicked have looked upon the coronation of the Son of God.  They see in His hands the tables of the divine law, the statutes which they have despised and transgressed. They witness the outburst of wonder, rapture, and adoration from the saved; and as the wave of melody sweeps over the multitudes without the city, all with one voice exclaim, “Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are they ways, thou King of saints; Revelation 15:3 and, falling prostrate, they worship the Prince of life.

Satan seems paralyzed as he beholds the glory and majesty of Christ. He who was once a covering cherub remembers whence he has fallen. A shining seraph, “son of the morning;” how changed, how degraded! From the council where once he was honored, he is forever excluded. He sees another now standing near to the Father, veiling His glory.  He has seen the crown placed upon the head of Christ by an angel of lofty stature and majestic presence, and he knows that the exalted position of this angel might have been his.

Memory recalls the home of his innocence and purity… As Satan looks upon his kingdom, the fruit of his toil, he sees only failure and ruin…

The time has now come when the rebellion is to be finally defeated and the history and character of Satan disclosed.  In his last great effort to dethrone Christ, destroy His people, and take possession of the City of God, the archdeceiver has been fully unmasked.  Those who have united with him see the total failure of his cause… He is the object of universal abhorrence.

Satan sees that his voluntary rebellion has unfitted him for heaven.  He has trained his powers to war against God; the purity, peace, and harmony of heaven would be to him supreme torture.  His accusations against the mercy and justice of God are now silenced.  The reproach which he has endeavored to cast upon Jehovah rests wholly upon himself. And now Satan bows down and confesses the justice of his sentence.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 345


“Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.”  Revelation 15:3

Every question of truth and error in the long-standing controversy has now been made plain.  The results of rebellion, the fruits of setting aside the divine statures, have been laid open to the view of all created intelligences.  The working out of Satan’s rule in contrast with the government of God has been presented to the whole universe. Satan’s own works have condemned him.  God’s wisdom, His justice, and His goodness stand fully vindicated.  It is seen that all His dealings in the great controversy have been conducted with respect to the eternal good of His people and the good of all the worlds that He has created… The history of sin will stand to all eternity as a witness that with the existence of God’s law is bound up the happiness of all the beings He has created.  With all the facts of the great controversy in view, the whole universe, both loyal and rebellious, with one accord declare: “Just and true are they ways, thou King of saints.”

Before the universe has been clearly presented the great sacrifice made by the Father and the Son in man’s behalf.  The hour has come when Christ occupies His rightful position and is glorified above principalities and powers and every name that is named. It was for the joy that was set before Him–that He might bring many sons unto glory–that He endured the cross and despised the shame.  And inconceivably great as was the sorrow and the shame, yet greater is the joy and the glory.  He looks upon the redeemed, renewed in His own image, every heart bearing the perfect impress of the divine, every face reflecting the likeness of their King.  He beholds in them the result of the travail of His soul, and He is satisfied.  Then, in a voice that reaches the assembled multitudes of the righteous and the wicked, He declares: “Behold the purchase of My blood!  For these I suffered, for these I died, that they might dwell in My presence throughout eternal ages.”  And the song of praise ascends from the white-robed ones about the throne: “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.”  Revelation 5:12

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“Behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.”  Malachi 4:1

Notwithstanding that Satan has been constrained to acknowledge God’s justice and to bow to the supremacy of Christ, his character remains unchanged. The spirit of rebellion, like a mighty torrent, again bursts forth.  Filled with frenzy, he determines not to yield the great controversy.  The time has come for a last desperate struggle against the King of heaven.  He rushes into the midst of his subjects and endeavors to inspire them with his own fury and arouse them to instant battle.  But of all the countless millions whom he has allured into rebellion, there are none now to acknowledge his supremacy.  His power is at an end.  The wicked are filled with the same hatred of God that inspires Satan; but they see that their case is hopeless, that they cannot prevail against Jehovah.  Their rage is kindled against Satan and those who have been his agents in deception, and with the fury of demons they turn upon them.

Saith the Lord: “Because thou hast set thine heart as the heart of God; behold, therefore I will bring strangers upon thee, the terrible of the nations: and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom, and they shall defile thy brightness. They shall bring thee down to the pit.”  “I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire… I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee… I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee… Thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more…”  Ezekiel 28:6-8, 16-19

Fire comes down from God out of heaven.  The earth is broken up.  The weapons concealed in its depths are drawn forth.  Devouring flames burst from every yawning chasm.  The very rocks are on fire.  The day has come that shall burn as an oven.  The elements melt with fervent heat, the earth also, and the works that are therein are burned up.

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 347


“Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.” Proverbs 11:31

The wicked receive their recompense in the earth.  Proverbs 11:31 They “shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts.”  Malachi 4:1  Some are destroyed as in a moment, while others suffer many days.  All are punished “according to their deeds.” The sins of the righteous having been transferred to Satan, he is made to suffer not only for his own rebellion, but for all the sins which he has caused God’s people to commit.  His punishment is to be far greater than that of those whom he has deceived.  After all have perished who fell by his deceptions, he is still to live and suffer on.  In the cleansing flames the wicked are at last destroyed, root and branch–Satan the root, his followers the branches.

Satan and all who have joined him in rebellion will be cut off… Then “the wicked shall not be: yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be”; “they shall be as though they had not been.” Psalms 37:10; Obadiah 16.

The justice of God is satisfied, and the saints and all the angelic host say with a loud voice, Amen.

While the earth is wrapped in the fire of God’s vengeance, the righteous abide safely in the Holy City.  Upon those that had part in the first resurrection, the second death has no power. Revelation 20:6  While God is to the wicked a consuming fire, He is to His people both a sun and a shield.  Psalm 84:11

The fire that consumes the wicked purifies the earth.  Every trace of the curse is swept away.  No eternally burning hell will keep before the ransomed the fearful consequences of sin.

One reminder alone remains: our Redeemer will ever bear the marks of His crucifixion…

All that was lost by sin has been restored… God’s original purpose in the creation of the earth is fulfilled as it is made the eternal abode of the redeemed.  “The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever.”  Psalms 37:29

E. G. White, Maranatha (The Lord Is Coming) p. 348


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